If all the
information is correct, the charge quoted to you will be also be correct.
However, if your shipments weight, sizes, item description (class), or
services provided prove to be different (greater) than shown, your
account will be charged for "all services as actually provided".
Freight Classes - What you ship determines the you
rate you will pay.
The freight industry has established a standard for
establishing a freight rate within the United States. This system is
known as "Freight Classing" There are 18 different freight classes from
a class 55 up to a class 500. All items shipped within the United States
via LTL (less than a truck load) freight carrier move under one of these
classes. The higher the freight class the higher the rate will be per
A full explanation of how any item is assigned a freight
class would be long and complicated to explain. The simplest explanation
is; the more dense an item is for its weight, the less valuable the item
is for its weight and the less fragile the item is, the lower the class
will be and therefore the lower the class and rate will be.
An example: Boxes of nails are heavy for their size,
nearly indestructible and not all that valuable for their weight. Nails
would have a very low class rating. On the other hand. boxes of glass
chandeliers would be relatively light for the space they would take, are
fragile and can be valuable. Chandlers would have a class rating greater
than nails and therefore would has a higher class rating and a higher
cost to ship per pound.
What is a
This is a numeric indicator that specifically identifies each type of
product that can be shipped by a LTL carrier. The National Motor Freight
Association presets these product classifications quarterly. It is
always helpful to have the NMFC number on the Bill of Lading in order to
avoid re-classification and accurately identify each product you ship.
You can contact American Freight Companies at 727-450-7800 to determine
the NMFC number for your products.
How does pricing work?
Your price is determined by a few factors. You
must provide accurate weight and measurements of the cargo. It is very
important that you properly identify “what” you are shipping. Every
item being shipped via freight has a corresponding NMFC# (National Motor
Freight Classification) and Freight Class which are large factors in
dictating the cost of your shipment.
Once you specify “what” you are transporting we can tell you the NMFC#
and Freight Class. For instance, if you are shipping an engine block it
would be a Freight Class 85. Also, the origination and destination
points of the item, and what, if any, accessorials you need.
Accessorials include Residential Pick-Up, Residential Delivery, and
Lift-gate service to name a few. Be aware, your freight may be
inspected at the carrier’s discretion to verify weight, measurements, or
identity (Freight Class and NMFC#). If the information you provide is,
for any reason, inaccurate you may be re-billed for services that are
actually rendered. If you want or need any of these services, be sure to
tell your Freight Specialist. If a service is not listed, it has not
been paid for.
What is dimensional weight?
Dimensional weight is a standard formula used throughout the freight
industry that considers a shipments density when determining charges.
Transportation charges are based on the gross weight of the shipment or
the dimensional weight of the shipment; whichever is greater. Simply
put, dimensional weight is when the weight of a package is
inappropriately less than the actual size of the package. For example, a
box filled with inflated basket balls.
When do dimensional weight charges apply?
When the actual weight of a package is less than the calculated
dimensional weight, carriers charge by the dimensional weight.