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How Do We Have Grapes Year-Round?

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a total of 29,292 square miles of the earth’s surface is dedicated to grape harvesting. Grapes are grown all over the world, and thanks to such a high volume of different types in various regions, this fruit can be spotted in the produce aisle of grocery stores and markets year-round. With a variety of 10,000 types, nearly every country or even state is able to grow a signature flavor of the fruit. In 2020 an estimated 5,940,00 tons of commercial grapes were grown in the United States alone.

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What Are Grapes?

Eaten fresh, dried to become raisins, or liquefied into jams and juices, the history of grape farming dates back more than 7,000 years, making them one of the oldest cultivated plants. Grapes are classified as true berries. True berries are fruits formed by one single flower seed. Over time, some grapes have been modified to grow without seeds and propagated to be seedless. This has become the most popular choice among North Americans throughout the mid-1920’s and continues today.

Types of Grapes Around the World

There are over 10,000 types of grapes all over the world. The top 10 most popular are:

Growing season: July to September
Growing area: Central California

Growing season: August to September

Growing area: Germany, Austria, New York, and British Columbia

Growing season: June to September

Growing area:  France, Mediterranean area, and California

Growing season: July to August

Growing area: Japan

Growing season: August to September

Growing area: California

Growing season: August to September

Growing area: California

Growing season: August to October

Growing area: Germany, Austria, New York, and Canada

Growing season: July to September  

Growing area: France, Australia, Canada, and California

Growing season: July to September
Growing area: Europe, Canada, United States, Australia, and South Africa

Growing season: February to March

Growing area: South Africa

Top Grape Importers

Top Grape Exporters

Harvesting and Packaging Grapes Year-Round

Defining a specific harvesting time for grapes is not easy. Typically the harvest for this fruit falls between two seasons. The first is August to October in the Northern Hemisphere, and the second lasts from February to April in the Sothern Hemisphere. However, with the various types of grapes grown, as well as the import and export transportation measures within those regions, harvesting can occur in any every month of the calendar year. Some grapes are in storage for most of the year which allows for transportation all over the world. Quality of the grapes depends on storage techniques. The shelf life of this fruit extends to about three weeks if stored dry and at the right temperature. The transportation of grapes occurs using a designated temperature control truck/trailer. A reefer trailer can maintain the ideal temperature and humidity levels for all types of produce, including grapes. Before transit, grapes should be precooled to their designated shipping temperature. Failure to do so can result in changes in berry composition and metabolism, potentially altering taste and aroma. The recommended transportation temperature for grapes is 32 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Tariffs On Grapes Year-Round

High tariff-rates continue to limit trade for many agricultural products. In 2018, grapes ranked as the 127th lowest tariff according to the Harmonized Systems Codes. The countries with the highest tariffs on grapes are Turkmenistan, India, Iran, and Turkey. The countries with the lowest rates on tariffs are Mauritius, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Kuwait, and Maldives. Grapes ranks 856th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Shipping Grapes Year-Round with FreightCenter

Shipping produce can be a delicate process and there are a variety of important factors to keep in mind when choosing a freight shipping partner. At FreightCenter, we can help find the best carrier with the lowest rates for all grape shipments. By contacting one of our freight shipping experts, you’ll be able to list all needs and requirements for your load before the shipping process. Hashing out the details and labeling your shipment‘s specific guidelines ahead of time will ensure a seamless shipping process for everyone involved. Give us a call at 800-716-7608 or run a free online freight quote today!

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