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How Do We Have Oranges Year-Round?

Thanks to world wide production and the ability to import and export as needed, the United States is able to enjoy oranges year-round. U.S. production of oranges amounted to approximately 4.4 million tons in 2021. On average, each American enjoys 13.6 pounds of fresh oranges per year. Oranges traditionally grow in the winter season but tend to struggle once the temperature dips below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, making them a warm climate fruit.

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How Do We Have Oranges Year-Round?

Maintaining year-round production of oranges is achievable with a continuous export and import cycle. A wide variety of oranges grow at different times of the year, in different areas of the world. This allows the U.S. to import oranges from countries such as Brazil or India while itself is not in harvesting season. When the U.S. is in harvesting season, oranges are exported to other countries that are not in season. The U.S. also transports oranges domestically, growing a majority of the fruit in California (year-round), Florida (Sept.-June), Arizona (Oct.-April) and Texas (Oct.-May).

 Oranges Year-Round

Maintaining Oranges Year Round

Drought Prevention

Water supply has a heavy influence on whether oranges will harvest throughout the year or if they will be bound to winter. Maintaining moisture within the soil is crucial and allows orange production to be blooming throughout the year. During a drought, the trees have less of a chance to flower. This will bring longer times between when the fruit starts to ripen.

Temperature Control

Though winter is the highest point in orange production, the trees can sprout fruit any time of the year. An orange tree’s annual production rate is dependent on the temperature and environmental conditions surrounding it. Oranges thrive in mild, warm climates like Florida, California, and India. Like most citrus plants, oranges do well under moderate temperatures—between 59.9 and 84.2 °F — and require considerable amounts of sunshine and water.

Harvesting and Packaging Oranges Year-Round

Oranges are transported all over the country and internationally. During the shipping phase, where the fruit was grown will dictate the certain ramifications on how to ship. For oranges grown in Florida and Texas, transit temperatures are recommended to range between 32-to-34 degrees Fahrenheit. For California and Arizona-grown oranges, transit temperature can be slightly higher, ranging from 38-48 degrees Fahrenheit. In order to achieve temperature control throughout the shipping process, reefer trailers are recommended as the most trusted shipping vessel.

In addition to temperature differences, there are also packaging differences for oranges depending on where they are grown. Oranges are typically only pre-cooled in California, but precooling should take place in the event the shipment of oranges will be transported using polyethylene or mesh bags as air circulation will be harder to achieve. Precooling is the process of cooling down the fruit following harvest. This process allows ripening to halt and helps to avoid chilling injury once the produce is loaded into a refrigerated shipping trailer. Other steps that are taken when packaging oranges is washing and waxing. Once the oranges have undergone each of the steps, they are ready to be packaged for transport. Oranges can be transported using both fiberboard boxes or shipping bins. Either method should be loaded using an airflow pattern which will allow the produce to experience constant cool air. Maintaining necessary temperatures can help oranges avoid susceptible molding which includes green or blue mold spots or stem-end rot.

Top Orange Exporters

Below are the 10 countries that exported the highest (USD) amount of oranges during 2020.

2020 Production Value (US $)

  • 1.43 Billion
  • 862 Million
  • 760 Million
  • 575 Million
  • 277 Million
  • 222 Million
  • 180 Million
  • 140 Million
  • 134 Million
  • 124 Million

Top Orange Importers

Below are the 10 countries that imported the highest (USD) amount of oranges during 2020.


  1. Germany
  2. France
  3. Netherlands
  4. China
  5. Russia
  6. United Kingdom
  7. Spain
  8. Hong Kong
  9. United States
  10. Canada

2020 Production Value (US $)

  • 521 Million
  • 484 Million
  • 426 Million
  • 311 Million
  • 262 Million
  • 209 Million
  • 204 Million
  • 201 Million
  • 172 Million
  • 188 Million
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Types of Oranges

  • Navel Oranges
    • Navel oranges are in season from November to June, commonly grown in Brazil.
  • Cara Cara Oranges
    • They originally come from Venezuela, but now they’re grown mostly in California from December to April.
  • Valencia Oranges
    • Valencia oranges were created in the mid-1800s in California; they were also grown in Florida. Unlike other popular varieties, they’re mostly harvested in the summer from March through July.
  • Blood Oranges
    • Blood oranges are most widely available from late fall through winter (about November to March). Commonly grown in Mediterranean climates such as Italy, Spain, and Malta.
  • Seville Oranges
    • Seville oranges are in season from December to February and are grown in Spain.
  • Lima Oranges
    • Lima oranges are in season from late winter to early spring and are grown in Brazil, the Mediterranean, Egypt, Mexico, Spain, and in small orchards in California and Florida.
  • Mandarin Oranges
    • Fresh mandarins are in season from January to May, but they’re also commonly found canned and packed in syrup for year-round consumption. Japan, southern China, India, and the East Indies.
  • Tangerines
    • Tangerines have a pretty long season from November through May and are grown primarily in Florida and California, but there are crops in other locations like Georgia, Texas, and Alabama.
  • Clementines
    • Clementine’s peak season is November through January and they are grown in China, Spain, Morocco, and California.
  • Tangelos
    • Tangelos are grown from December through March and grow in southern Florida and Arizona.

Tariffs on Oranges

The average tariff for oranges, fresh or dried, was 18.8 percent in 2018, ranking it the 640th lowest tariff. Import tariffs vary from country to country. The highest import tariffs on oranges are Turkmenistan (100%), Lebanon (68.5%), Thailand (67.1%), and Turkey (53.7%). The lowest tariffs are  Laos, MauritiusHong KongUnited Arab Emirates and Kuwait, all with a 0% tariff rate.

Ship Oranges Year-Round With FreightCenter!

Have trouble finding a way to ship produce? Let FreightCenter help! We’re experts when it comes to shipping products both nationally and internationally. Our carriers and freight agents can ease you into the process to ensure it’s a smooth ride for both you and your shipment. Use FreightCenter’s free online quote tool to begin. Call our shipping experts at 800.716.7608.

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