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How to Ship Pineapples

According to FAO statistics, the worldwide production of pineapples is making them the 11th most cultivated fruit, with over 24.8 million tons. Many banana-producing companies now grow pineapples and use the same transport and distribution networks. Let us walk you through everything you need to know about how to ship pineapples.

Where Do Pineapples Ship From?

The majority of fresh pineapples sold in the world market are grown in Latin America, with 84% grown in Costa Rica. The Del Monte fruit company and its subsidiaries produce over 50% of Costa Rica’s pineapple exports. Hawaii, exporting 400 million pineapples per year is only 13% of the total amount of farmed pineapples worldwide. Costa Rica, California, Brazil, and The Philippines are all places that also produce a large amount of pineapples that are distributed all around the world.

Pineapple Growing Countries

Being tropical, pineapples grow well in USDA zones 10 and 11. Exposure to freezing temperatures will have a negative effect on the freshness of the pineapples. Temperatures below 28 degrees Fahrenheit can kill pineapple plants. Temperatures ranging between 68 and 86 degrees produce the best growth.

  • Costa Rica –  Over 40% of the total exported pineapples come from Costa Rica, a value worth US$ 981 million.
  • Brazil – In 2019 Brazil shipped 2,346 tonnes of pineapples. In 2019 alone, the interest in Brazil pineapples (fruits category) has surged, with a change of 38.571 % compared to the year 2018.
  • The Philippines – In 2020, the total volume of pineapple exported from the Philippines amounted to around 594.73 thousand metric tons
  • Chile – The volume of pineapples shipped by Chile in 2020 was 47 tons. In 2019 Chile shipped 35 tonnes of pineapples. In 2019 alone, the market for Chile pineapples (fruits category) has gone up, with a change of 118.75 %.
  • Thailand – Thailand had 17% of the world’s pineapple production market
  • The United States – “In 2021, only 1.5% of the fresh pineapples shipped from the US, the majority coming from Hawaii
  • Mexico – In 2020, Mexico produced one million 209 thousand tons of pineapple, this figure represents an increase of 16.2% compared to the previous year.
  • India –  India has exported a pineapple amount worth 22.55 USD million. The total area under pineapple production in India is 88.7 thousand ha and the production is 1415.4 thousand tons.

What Kind of Pineapples are There

Statistics and facts from
  • Abacaxi Pineapples –  very sweet and quite resistant to disease, making them a very popular crop to grow
  • Queen Pineapples – Found mostly in Australia and South Africa, Queen pineapples are dark-yellow with a small core. The Queen pineapple has a pleasant aroma and flavor but does not can well
  • Red Spanish Pineapples – Red Spanish pineapples are orange-red in color and are grown in the Caribbean. It produces fruit that has a light yellow color and an aromatic flavor
  • Smooth Cayenne Pineapples – Smooth Cayenne pineapples are likely the ones you’d find in a typical food store in the United States.
  • Pernambuco Pineapples – Pernambuco pineapples are mostly grown in Brazil. They’re white, tender, and juicy with a mild flavor.
  • Mordilona Pineapples – Mordilona pineapples are grown in the northeastern Andes of Colombia and Venezuela. They’re large, irregular, and cylindrical with a yellow to orange peel
  •  Kona Sugarloaf – Kona Sugarloaf is a type of Smooth Cayenne pineapple. It features white flesh with high sugar content and no acidity. It’s unusually sweet and delicious
  • Brecheche – Brecheche pineapples are small, cylinder-shaped, and olive-colored. The plant is completely spike-free. The flesh of Brecheche is yellow, very fragrant, and juicy with a small core
  • Singapore Red – Singapore Red pineapples feature green leaves with a reddish stripe at the end. The fruits are reddish, cylindrical, and small with golden-yellow flesh
  • Panare – This pineapple is named after the Indian tribe who grew it in Venezuela. The fruit is bottle-shaped and orange-colored. The flesh is deep yellow, slightly fragrant, and has a small core

How to Ship Pineapples

Harvesting pineapples to a green color before preparation for shipping is necessary. This usually takes 6 months to a year. Shipping the pineapple before its color changes to yellow, showing signs of ripening will prevent rotting in transit. For long-distance transportation, a reefer truck will maintain the freshness of the fruit. Here is a list of some carriers that provide reefer trucks that are perfect for pineapple shipping.

Packaging Pineapples for Shipping

Fiberboards or wood containers for packaging can prevent damage to the pineapples when shipping for export purposes

Fiberboards or wood containers for packaging can prevent damage to the pineapples when shipping for export purposes. They can be in corrugated board cartons, crates, and fruit crates. The fruits should lie vertically or horizontally in the container. The empty space between the fruits should fill in with straw and firm lining all around the container. Carriers recommend the use of padding, foam, extra cardboard, etc. to provide the minimum amount of damage possible in transit.

Ship Pineapples With FreightCenter

Have trouble finding a way to ship produce? Let FreightCenter help! We’re experts when it comes to shipping products both nationally and internationally. Use FreightCenter’s free online quote tool to begin. Call our shipping agents at 800.716.7608.

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