Learn the different between types of freight and discover which mode of transportation is best for the contents of your shipment.
LTL is an acronym that stands for Less than Truckload freight. LTL freight ranges between 100 and 20,000 lbs. When the item you need shipped or transported is too large to take to a Post Office or your local parcel company, freight is seen as a more economical approach. Freight shipping is the easiest way to move large and bulky items quickly, efficiently and economically. Many commodities can be classified as LTL freight: blanket-wrapped furniture, palletized or crated appliances, motorcycles, palletized boxes, etc. If your freight weighs more than 100 lbs and does not fill a full dedicated truck, than it is likely you need to ship LTL freight. Perishables, however, require a dedicated truck for refrigeration.
LTL freight shipping handles shipments ranging from 100 pounds to 10-20,000 pounds depending on the lane and carrier. When the item you need shipped or transported is too large to take to the post office or your local parcel company, freight is seen as a more economical approach. The alternatives to LTL freight shipping is parcel or full truckload shipping. Parcel carriers usually handle small packages and freight that can be broken down into units weighing less than 150 pounds. Full truckload shipping moves freight shipments that are large enough to fill a full semi-trailer. Semi-trailers require a substantial amount of freight to make transportation economical. LTL freight shipping is the easiest way to move large and bulky items quickly and efficiently while keeping shipping costs low.
LTL freight isn’t always transported using trucks. Intermodal shipping uses a combination of truck, rail and sometimes air transportation. It is a valuable option that often times offers a more inexpensive solution than shipping by truck alone. When shipping LTL freight long distances over 1,000 miles or between major cities, intermodal transportation may offer the most powerful combination of services and price. Intermodal freight shipping allows freight to move further on a gallon of gas which makes it a great choice to move freight in a more environmentally-sound way.
Specialized freight refers to project-based or institutional freight needs. If a shipment requires multiple destination points or special military or governmental circumstances, it is usually processed as specialized freight.
Truckload freight is any shipment that requires a dedicated truck. Types of dedicated trucks range from flatbeds to refrigerated vans. To book a truckload shipment, call our specialists at 800-716-7882.
Determining your freight type is often much simpler than it seems. Below are a few characteristics of each type of freight service to help you determine the correct way to ship your load or package.
Less than Truckload (LTL) Freight:
Weighs between 100 and 20,000 lbs
Placed on a pallet
Blanket-wrapped or overwrapped
Includes palletized or unpackaged motorcycles
Truckload (TL) Freight:
Oversize or overweight
Requires special climate/refrigeration
Requires flatbed trucking
Requires a dedicated truck (one truck per customer)
Shipped to Government buildings, schools or military installations
Project-based, unique shipments
Multiple drop offs or destinations