While fireworks are beautiful in the sky, they can be very dangerous on the ground. They are constructed of highly flammable and explosive material. Due to their harmful nature, fireworks are considered a hazardous material, or HAZMAT. That means that transporting fireworks is dangerous work.
Are Fireworks HAZMAT?
Yes. Fireworks are hazmat. Fireworks fall under the category of hazmat due to their flammable and explosive properties. They also release toxic fumes. Transporting fireworks can pose a danger to the public. One of the biggest dangers of fireworks is transporting them. For freight shipping carriers that plan on hauling fireworks, it is important to take precautions to ensure everyone’s safety along the way.
Fireworks (Hazmat) Categories
Consumer fireworks fall under four categories F1, F2, F3, and F4:
- F1 | Indoor fireworks that you can hold or be near without causing harm. They fall under the labeling of ‘indoor fireworks” because they have a low hazard and noise level. Fireworks of this sort are mainly “sparklers” or “firecrackers“. They have a small flame and are easily contained enough to be used inside, even though it’s not suggested.
- F2 | Outdoor fireworks that can pose a danger beyond small flames. This category is the hottest on the market, making them the most accessible. It is safest to watch these from a distance of at least 25 feet.
- F3 | Outdoor fireworks that have a large burst and noise radius. These can be harmful even if the damage doesn’t involve the fire blast. It is best to keep a distance of at least 80-100 feet while setting them off.
- F4 | Fireworks for professional use only. This is due to the fact that they are not open to the public. They are only seen as professional displays for events. Even though they don’t have a stated safe distance to stand clear from. Not because they aren’t harmful, they are extremely dangerous and you’d rather be far away from them enjoying the scene.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is in charge of placing safety restrictions on fireworks and their distribution. Firework regulations are carried out through the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA). These laws vary by state with some states stricter than others. In fact, Massachusetts has a full state-wide ban on fireworks. This means you can get a fine of up to $100 for even possessing fireworks.
In most states the legal age to purchase fireworks is 18. In others, the age can range from 12 to 21. It is against the law to import or sell fireworks that break CPSC laws. Be sure you are up to date on each state’s firework laws before buying, selling, or shipping.
Shipping Fireworks (Hazmat) Guidelines
Many carriers will NOT ship fireworks if the cargo doesn’t meet all guidelines. Paperwork and packaging must be up to par for shipments to be fulfilled. You should fill out all required paperwork completely and accurately, including these details for your shipment.
- UN I.D. number
- Correct shipping name
- Hazard class or division
- Packing group
- EX (explosive) number
- Quantity and package type
- Emergency contact and telephone number
By shipping fireworks properly under the correct packaging, labeling, and transportation, you can help to make sure that everyone enjoys fireworks safely. Be sure to follow all instructions carefully.
How to Ship Fireworks
Fireworks are one of the most heavily regulated items on the market. In order to ship fireworks, manufacturers need to have a license from the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). This license allows the shipment of fireworks across state lines. The DOT classifies fireworks as Class B or Class C explosives. This means that you must transport them in a way that is safe and does not pose a risk to the public.
Always transport fireworks in a closed container. This helps prevent any accidents while the fireworks are in transit. All fireworks must have the correct safety labeling with a “Class B” or “Class C” explosive label. Fireworks that are classified as Class B explosives are typically more powerful than those classified as Class C explosives.
Are you familiar with 1.4G and 1.3G fireworks? They another way of finding the class of firework you are dealing with. 1.4G is labeled as a class C consumer firework (F2, F3). These are open to the public and are safer than 1.3G which is more so an F4 class B display firework.Get a Freight Shipping Quote
Ship With Us
Are you a firework manufacturer in North America? If so, FreightCenter can help find you the best rate for your shipments. Since 1998, we’ve been assisting companies in receiving their firework supplies and deliveries all over North America. Have questions? Let FreightCenter help! We are experts when it comes to shipping products both nationally and internationally. Our freight agents can ease you into the process to ensure it’s a smooth ride for both you and your shipment. Use FreightCenter’s free freight shipping quote tool to begin. For other locations, call our international shipping experts at 800.716.7608.7447. Saving money doesn’t have to cost more in the long haul: Let FreightCenter be your “one-stop ship.”