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Freight Class Calculator

Free Online Freight Class Calculator. Easily find your freight class for goods commonly shipped via LTL.

Find your freight class for free using our freight class calculator.

How is freight class calculated?

LTL Carriers will generally charge for freight based on the weight and cube of the shipped items. The National Motor Freight Traffic Association publishes the National Motor Freight Classification® (NMFC) to assist with this. This standard allows determining freight classes to compare different commodities and shipped products. Every shipped item falls into one of 18 freight classes, represented by numeric numbers ranging from class 50 to 500. Using a Freight Class Calculator to determine your class is essential to ensuring your rate isn’t good

There are four different aspects or characteristics that determine any given commodities freight class. A commodity’s class determines density, stowability, handling, and liability.

Density

Density is the primary key in determining freight class. The density is the pounds per cubic foot of your item. Typically, lower freight classes represent items of higher density and, therefore, a lower cost.

Stowability

Stowability takes into account how easy it is to stow the commodity. Some factors include if it is unusual dimensions or if it contains hazardous materials. Additionally, some items are regulated by government or carrier policies and entities with characteristics that prevent them from being near or shipped with other things. The harder it is to stow or transport this item compared to other commodities, the more this factor will increase the freight class and cost.

Handling

This considers the commodity’s ability to be handled as the freight is loaded and unloaded from the LTL terminal to the LTL terminal. Packaging, unit dimensions, and fragility are considered when determining how handling impacts the class. The greater the difficulty in handling, the more this factor will increase the freight class and cost.

Liability

This considers how likely the item will be damaged, stolen, or damaged to other freight and property. The greater the liability risk, the more this factor will increase the freight class and the cost.

Freight Class Calculator
Freight Class Calculator

Freight class is an LTL freight industry system for distinguishing goods to determine accurate pricing​. Calculate the correct freight class for your LTL freight with our free freight class calculator. The National Motor Freight Association, also known as the NMFTA, created the freight classification system to standardize freight pricing for different types of commodities shipped by truck. The freight class is determined mainly by the density of your freight load, measured in pounds per cubic foot pr PPCF.

Calculate Your Freight Class

Enter your shipment information below.

Pickup/Delivery Information
Please enter a valid origin postal code.
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Shipment Information
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Please enter a valid width. In range (1-9999).
Please enter a valid height. In range (1-9999).
Please enter a valid Weight. In range (1-999999).
Do you know the freight class?

Note: Freight classes are generated during our quoting process.

Sample Freight Classes

View freight classes below or use the NMFC code lookup tool.

Notice: Freight classes and NMFC codes are subject to change without notice. Contact us if you’re not absolutely sure the information listed is correct.

Metal, Struts, Skins, Panels, Cowls
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed or crated
200
Athletic or Sporting Goods
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Athletic or Sporting Goods NOI
Kayaks, Canoes, or Boards, exceeding 96"
500
1/4 Panels for Vehicle
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed or Crated
250
Bumpers, used, metal
Accessories
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Carrier or Racks, Luggage (Bar Type)
70
Carrier or Racks, Luggage (Other than bar type)
Covers (Tarp like)
Palletized
85
Racks or Carrier other than plastic KD
70
Racks, Luggage Non-Bar Type, Assembled
200
Running boards
Vehicle Pneumatic Tires
110
Axles
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
With attachments or movable parts
85
Without attachments or movable parts
55
Body Parts
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Body Sections
250
Chassis w/running components, Assembled
150
Chassis, Frame(Gear Frame)
300
Doors or Tailgate (Boxed)
150
Engine Hoods, metal, in boxes/crates
250
Engine Hoods, plastic, in boxes/crates
300
Fenders, primed metal, in boxes/crates
200
Vehicle Hard Top
300
Engine, Internal Combustion
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Engine; Automobile or Tractor on pallet
85
Engine; Automobile or Tractor, crated
70
Engine; Internal Combustion (value < $5/lb)
85
Engine; Internal Combustion (value > $5/lb & value < $10/lb)
100
Transmission
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Transmissions or Clutches, in boxes or crates
85
Wheels or Tires
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Tires, pneumatic
110
Wheels, with Mounted Tires or Without Tires
85
Coal, Wood or Solid Fuel
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
In boxes, crates or packages
Furnace, House Heating, Hot Air
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Furnace, House Heating, Hot Air
Arches Support
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Iron Steel
60
Stone Blocks, Pieces or Slabs in boxes, crates or pallets exceeding 96"
85
Stone Blocks, Pieces or Slabs in boxes, crates or pallets NOT exceeding 96"
60
Concrete/Cement/Bricks
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Brick Cement or Mortar
50
Brick, glass or glass-faced concrete
60
Bricks
50
Bricks, insulating & infusorial
55
Glass blocks, boxes/crates
60
Moldings, primed, plastic or wood coated, in boxes
60
Roof tile, wood or cement
65
Siding made of steel, iron, or tin plating
70
Tile, wood finished
65
Doors
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
In Packages
110
Iron/Steel/Tin
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Doors, boxed/crated
70
Tile/Flooring/Roofing
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Hardwood flooring, boxed
55
Wood Material
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Balusters / wood railing, boxed/crated
85
Blinds/Shutters, window or door
70
Doors (Framed)
85
Doors (Wooden) w/sheet aluminum covering
85
Moldings, or wood particleboard;
60
Stairs in sections
85
Wallboard or Fiberboard
70
Cotton or Synthetic
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Aprons, Coveralls, pants, disposable shirts
100
Cloth, cotton or synthetic fiber, baled/rolled
85
Cloths or Rags for cleaning (based on dimensions)
55
Garments/apparel, pants/shirts/etc
77.5
Cement Mixer
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Crated
150
Loose or Skidded
250
Fork Lift
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
With Batteries
92.5
Without Batteries
150
Pallet Jack
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
With Handles Attached
175
Without Handles Attached
92.5
Welder
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Crated or Boxed
77.5
Setup Loose
100
Bags/Barrels/Baskets/Drums
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Apparel or material,
70
Barrels, wooden
200
Baskets or hampers, wood/wire not nested
150
Baskets, wire, nested
100
Baskets, wire, unnested
200
Bedding Bags
70
Burlap, baled/bundled, rubberized
85
Drums made of steel, lead lined
85
Pails / buckets, rubber, nested
85
Plastic,Envelopes,Pouches,Wrappres
100
Computers/Fax/ Data Machines
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Computers/Personal Computers, Computer Monitors
92.5
Loudspeakers or Speakers
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Speakers in boxes or crates
100
Phones/Printers/Audio and Video Equip.
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
CD/DVD/Video Cassette/Tape Players or Recorders
125
Radio ,Radio Telephone
100
Radios (excluding auto radios)/Tuners/Amplifiers/P
125
Telephones/Videophones
125
Televisions, Amplifiers, Preamplifiers, Receivers
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
CDs/DVDs, Mini Discs
85
Electric cords/cables, extension/phone cords
65
TVs, Plasma or LCD
200
TVs, Projection Type Televisions
200
Engines or Motors
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Automobile/tractor engine, crated
70
Automobile/tractor engine, on pallet
85
Gas powered generators
92.5
Marine Motor
85
Motorcyle Engine
85
Transimssions
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Transmissions/clutches, in boxes/crates
85
Cotton or Synthetic
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Rolls, Drums, Crates or Boxed
70
Dry Food Stuff
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Chocolate, in boxes or drums
65
Condiments
60
Flour/Cornmeal
50
Pet Food, dry
85
Assembled
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
18 gauge steel cabinet
70
Armoires or Bureaus,
125
Bamboo
250
Bathroom Cabinets Unassembled
70
Bed rails in packages, wooden
85
Benches
150
Buffets, China Cabinets Assembled
125
Burial case/casket handles, boxed
85
Cabinet, unassembled
85
Cabinets, metal/plastic, for storage
92.5
Casket/coffin wooden material, unassembled
70
Chairs, assembled, with upholstery
200
Chairs, wooden, assembled, without upholstery
125
Couch with back/arms assembled
250
Couch, unassembled arms/back
250
Desks, wood, unassembled
100
Furniture completely unassembled or flat
70
Highboy/dressers, wooden, assembled
125
Mattresses, packaged/boxed
250
Metal cabinets, boxed
175
Tables, Metallic or Wooden
150
Wooden (Based On Dimensions)boxed or crated
150
Wooden caskets, boxed/crated
200
Wooden chests, unassembled
85
Work Benches,Wooden SU
150
Work Stations or Benches
150
Cabinets
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Bathroom cabinet
125
File Cabinets Metallic or Wooden,
70
Caskets
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Burial Cases (Caskets or Coffins
125
Counter Tops
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Wood or Metal
70
Table
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Aluminum Table Set
200
Unassembled
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Bed with head and footboards not assembled (Wood)
125
Chairs (unassembled)
Appliances
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Automatic humidifiers, boxed
85
Bathroom Cabinet Fully Assembled
125
Buffets, Cabinets, Workstations or Tables
125
Cabinets, Metal or Plastic for Storage
92.5
Cast iron wood burning stove
85
Coffee Makers, household or commercial
125
Couch Unassembled
250
Couch With Back/Arms
250
Dressers/Highboys, Armoires, wooden and Assembled
125
Electric oven, stationary, boxed/crated
85
Electric toaster
100
Floor Sweepers, handle taken apart, boxed
85
Furniture Completely Unassembled
70
Gas baking oven, stationary, boxed/crated
85
Household refrigerators and freezers
92.5
Metal furnaces, with or without parts in packages
77.5
Microwave Oven, boxed/crated
85
Refrigerators or Freezers
150
Stoves/ranges, iron/aluminum, boxed/crated
100
Vacuum
100
Vacuum parts
70
Water heater with insulated outer shell, packaged
175
Water heater without insulated outer shell, packag
85
Water softener tank, iron/steel
85
Wooden Furniture Assembled
150
Furniture
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Bed Head/Footboard Unassembled (Wood)
125
Bed Rails Wooden and Packaged
85
Caskets or Burial Cases Assembled
200
Caskets or Burial Cases Unassembled and Boxed
70
Chairs Assembled With Upholstery
200
Chairs Wooden and Assembled
125
Chests, Wooden and Unassembled
85
Desks, Wooden and Unassembled
100
Mattresses Packaged or Boxed
250
Steel Cabinets Assembled
125
Household Items
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Household Goods (Boxed)
150
Household Items
150
Farm Equipment
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Pastuerizer machine, crated
85
Pastuerizer machine, on pallet
100
Railroad Ties
50
Strapping material
50
Tractors, cutter bar attached
92.5
Musical
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Percusion
200
String or Wind
150
Scientific
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Scientific Instrument
200
Chandeliers Glass
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Fully Crated or Boxed
200
Lawn Mower/Snow Plow
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Mowers, Push Behind
92.5
Snow blowers, walk-behind, 2 wheeled rotary
100
Snowplows, rotary, vehicle or tractor mounting
77.5
Snowplows, rotary, with vehicle mounting on pallet
200
ATM
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Cash Dispensing
125
Kiosk or ATM
92.5
Machinery or Machines Other
70
Compressors, air, or Air Ends
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
In boxes or crates
85
Copying, Duplicating or Reproducing Machines
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed or Crated
100
Elevators, Conveyors, or Parts Named:
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Conveyors, drag-line or overhead runway, Packaged
65
Engines Used, Internal combustion
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Automobile or Tractor, used
85
Laundry
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Steam, Commercial or Institutional Type
100
Machines
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Air pressure, cylinder shaped, closed ends, bronze
100
Air pressure, cylinder shaped, closed ends, Copper
150
Air shaped, closed ends, steel r pressure, cylinde
85
Milling and Grinding
100
Pumps w/operating parts
85
Shrink wrapping machine, for pallets/racks
125
Sprayers, cement/paint/plaster/grease
85
Steam traps, tilting/loose/on skids
85
Valves without operating parts
77.5
Vending
125
Ambulance Stretcher
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Nested, in packages
100
Not Nested, in packages
200
Dental, Medical, Surgical Instruments or Machines
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed or Packaged
150
Equipment
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Dental or Medical Instruments
150
Wheel Chair Lifts
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Motorized or Manual
150
Wheel Chairs
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Powered
200
Self Propelled
150
Aluminum
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Copper-clad steel or wire
65
Iron or steel cables
60
Iron or steel cast pipe
50
Rods, aluminum
60
Scrap pieces, copper/brass
55
Sheets of bronze/copper, strapped into bundles
60
Tanks, steel
250
Trusses, or Sections thereof
250
U Channel
60
Metal or Metal Alloys
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Bars,Billets,Blooms,Castings,Pipe,Rings,Rods,Scrap
70
New or Used
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Electric or Gas
150
Writing Utensils
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Artistic crayons
100
Chalk, non-pastel, in boxes
55
Crayons in boxes, school use
60
Lead wooden pencils (not mechanical)
70
Markers or pens, boxed, other than felt tip
92.5
Pictures/posters individually rolled, made of paper
125
Pictures/Posters, other than rolled/in boxes
85
Pictures/Posters,rolled, in boxes
125
Posters/pictures on paperboard, unframed, boxed
85
Framed or Not Framed
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Secured in Boxes or Crates
110
Paper Types
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Computer / copy paper, Register Tape
55
Napkins, Toilet, Paper Towels
60
Books/ Brochures/ Magazines
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Blue Prints
70
Flyer, Printed Brochures, leaflets
60
Hard Cover
65
Magazines
55
Newspapers fully/partly printed
70
Paperback books
60
Printed matter, sheeted
70
Assembled Bed
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Tanning beds
150
Electric
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Electric tools, hydraulic or pneumatic
85
Lathes -Metalworking, Palletized
110
Lathes, Metalworking, Over 2000 lbs,in boxes or crates
85
Lathes- Metalworking, Boxed/Crated
100
Manual Handheld Tools, Non-Powered
85
Paraphernalia, Exhibition or Trade Show
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed, Crated or Palletized
125
Exhibit Booths / Displays
125
ATV
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Boxed or Crated
150
Jet Skis/Waverunners
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Jet ski, with jet pump propulsion, in a crate
150
Motorcycles
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Gas powered motorcycle
150
Go Carts
150
Snowmobiles
Subcategory
Class
NMFC
Assembled
200
Skies & Windshield Detacted
100

What to do with the freight class after you’ve located it

Enter the freight class shown in the instant freight quote form. 

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Common Questions

How is Freight Class Calculated?

How is Freight Class Calculated? Your freight class is calculated using four transportation factors. This includes stowability, liability, ease of handling, and density. Your item is given a lower freight class when it is high in density (heavy and compact) and is less susceptible to damage. It would receive a higher freight class if it were low in density and more susceptible to damage. Your item, however, may not be identified by freight class. An occurrence such as this is primarily due to an item having a variety of sizes.

Item Identification

Freight class calculation

Not Otherwise Indicated, or (NOI), is what your item would be identified as if it had no freight class. You can calculate your N.O.I. with FreightCenter's calculator. Shippers may need to call for this info and we are always happy to assist in this. Your shipment's class is a major part in determining the cost of your shipment. Type of item is the main part of the calculation. You just happen to have to calculate in many different ways.

NMFC Codes

You will primarily use freight classes for (LTL) Less Than Truckloads. NMFC stands for National Motor Freight Classification Code. Shippers use this to balance shipping costs against trailer space. You get unbiased pricing using this code. You use NMFC's when your item is classified as an N.O.I. FreightCenter is happy to assist in retrieving this code as well.

Density Calculates in Freight Class

You are given a lower freight class when your item is a High Density (heavy and compact) item. Those are less susceptible to damage. Shippers give low-density items a higher freight class when they are more susceptible to damage. Density is how much the item weighs in relation to its size. Shippers measure by cubic feet. The measurement determines the amount of space needed for the item. Your item is given a lower class, when compact, and is cheaper to ship than bulkier items.

Ease of Handling Calculates in Freight Class

Level of care is an additional necessity in calculating your freight class. If your item is fragile, it needs special attention. In addition, hazardous properties need them as well. Both would fit into a higher class and increase the shipping cost. As you can see, the type of item shipped is the main calculation. You just happen to have to calculate in numerous ways.

FreightCenter is happy to assist in calculating your shipment's freight class.

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How Do I Calculate Freight Class?

How do you calculate freight class? You do so by using four transportation factors. These factors are stowability, liability, ease of handling, and density. Our freight class calculator helps shippers easily find their freight class. This is based on standard shipment details.

Calculate Freight Class

The calculations are for shipments that are transported by LTL freight shipping. Not all items are found by their freight class. These items are identified as NOI, or Not Otherwise Indicated. When identified as NOI, the shipment becomes a density based shipment. FreightCenter is here to assist. Here at FreightCenter, we can help you calculate freight class or density. Whether your specific item is identified by freight class or density.

Density Based

You use density shipping for shipments of objects that vary in size as well as when the number of items shipped varies between locations. Some examples of density items are wooden tables and clothing. You use density based shipping for wooden tables due to how they vary in size. Clothing may seem similar due to their vast variety of sizes. However, it is actually due to how the shipper could be transporting as much as 500 pounds or as little as 20 pounds. Determining whether or not your item would be a part of these types of shipments isn't very hard. However, FreightCenter is happy to assist with any questions or concerns.

Freight Classes

Your shipment's freight class is a major factor in determining the cost of your freight shipment. 18 freight classes exist and range from numbers 50 to 500. The lower the number, the lower the cost. In addition to our freight class calculator, we have a freight class lookup tool. Feel free to use either of those in your search. We here at Freight Center are happy to assist in your search, along with all assistance needed with your shipment.

How Stowability Calculates in Freight Class

Stowability is the first and main calculation of all shipping companies. Calculations are taken into account whether or not your item can transport amongst other commodities. Items that can combust, are hazardous, or perishable, cannot ship amongst certain materials. We recommend keeping your shipment within a crate or box. This would then make your shipment an easier thing to stack and pack within a cargo container or truck.

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